Publications

2016
Bilal D, Gwizdka J.

Children's eye‐fixations on google search results

. Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology [Internet]. 2016;53(1):1-6. Publisher's VersionAbstract
We investigate how children in grades 6 and 8 (ages 11 and 13, respectively) read search engine results pages (SERPs) in the context of searching Google. We use eye-tracking to detect children's reading of SERPs, and the effect of grade level and task type on reading behaviors and interactions. We have created a web search interface that retrieved data in the background from Google search engine. Preliminary findings show a significant difference in the number of reading fixations by grade level. Grade level or age had a more significant effect on reading behaviors, fixations, first result rank, and interactions with SERPs than task type. Findings and future work are discussed.
Beheshti J, Bilal D, Mackey TP, Limberg L, Bartlett JC, Gwizdka J, Jacobson T, Ishimura Y.

Information literacy: Bridging the gap between theory and practice

. Annual Meeting of the Association for Information Science and Technology [Internet]. 2016;53(1):1-6. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The objective of this panel is to discuss a multi-faceted conceptual framework to link information literacy theory and practice. The panelists will present findings of their research into adult and young users' knowledge of and competencies in information literacy in varied information environments. The ultimate goal of the panel is to build consensus on a future research agenda that could lead to bridging the gap between information literacy theory and practice.
2014
Bilal D, Beheshti J.

New directions in children’s and adolescents’ information behaviour research

. Badfork, U.K.: Emerald Group Publishing, Inc.; 2014. Publisher's Version
Bilal D, Jopeck V.

Young girls’ affective responses to access and use of information and communication technology (ICT) in information-poor societies

. In: New Directions in Children’s and Adolescents’ Information Behavior Research. Badfork, U.K.: Emerald Group Publishing, Inc.; 2014. pp. 107-126. Publisher's Version
<p>Library Automation: Core Concepts and Practical System Analysis</p>
Bilal D.

Library Automation: Core Concepts and Practical System Analysis

. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, ABC-CLIO; 2014.
2013
Bilal D, Boehm R.

Towards New Methodologies for Assessing Relevance of Information Retrieval from Web Search Engines on Children’s Queries

. Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods in Libraries: An International Journal [Internet]. 2013;March:93-100. Publisher's Version
Bilal D.

Comparing Google’s readability of search results to the Flesch Readability Formulae: A preliminary analysis on children’s search queries

. In: Proceedings of the 76th ASIS&T Annual Meeting. Montreal, Canada: Information Today; 2013. pp. 1-9. Publisher's Version
Beheshti J, Cole C, Kuhlthau CC, Bilal D.

Enabling systems for inquiry-based learning

. In: Proceedings of the 76th ASIS&T Annual Meeting. Montreal, Canada; 2013. Publisher's Version
Bilal D.

Readability of text retrieved by search engines on different types of children’s search queries: The case of Google

. In: Proceedings of The 5th Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Libraries International Conference, Rome, Italy, June 3-7. Rome, Italy; 2013.
Bilal D, Erdelez S, Fisher K, Wang P.

Teaching information behavior: Sharing global experiences.

In: The 2013 Conference of the Association of Library and Information Science Education. Seattle, Washington, January 22-25. ; 2013. Publisher's Version
2012
Bilal D, Boehm R. Towards new methodologies for assessing relevance of information retrieval from Web search engines on children’s queries (Extended Abstract). In: Proceedings of The 5th Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Libraries International Conference, Limerick, Ireland, May 22-27. Limerick, Ireland; 2012.
Bilal D, Beheshti J, Erdelez S, Todd R.

Learning to discover: Youth information literacy in the “I” digital age

. In: The 75th American Society for Information Science & Technology Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, October 26-30. Baltimore, MD; 2012. Publisher's Version
Bilal D.

Ranking, relevance judgment, and precision of information retrieval on children's queries: Evaluation of Google, Yahoo!, Bing, Yahoo! Kids, and ask Kids

. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology [Internet]. 2012;63(9):1879-1896. Publisher's Version
2011
Bilal D, Ellis R.

Evaluating leading web search engines on children’s queries

. In: Proceedings of the Human-Computer Interaction International Conference, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 6764, Orlando, Florida, July 9-14, p.549-558. ; 2011. Publisher's Version
2010
Bilal D.

The mediated information needs of children on the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

. In: Proceedings of the 31st ACM SIGIR Workshop on Accessible Search Systems, Geneva, Switzerland, July 19-23 (pp. 42-49). Geneva, Switzerland; 2010. Publisher's Version
2009
Bilal D, Sarangthem S.

Mediating differences in children's interaction with digital libraries through modeling their tasks.

In: The American Society for Information Science & Technology. Vancouver, CA; 2009. Publisher's Version
2008
Bilal D, Sarangthem S, Bachir I.

Toward a model of children's information seeking behavior in digital libraries.

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Information Interaction in Contex (IIiX), ACM International Conference Proceeding Series [Internet]. 2008;348. Publisher's Version
Bilal D, Sarangthem S.

Task-based models of children's information-seeking behavior in digital libraries.

In: The 37th Annual Conference of the International Association of School Librarianship (IASL). Berkeley, CA; 2008. Publisher's Version

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